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Project Outline

Global Center of Excellence for Physical Sciences Frontier


Dept. of Physics, Dept. of Astronomy, School of Science; Center for Nuclear Study, Research Center for the Early Universe, Inst. of Astronomy
Dept. of Applied Physics, Dept. of Materials Engineering, Quantum-Phase Electronics Center, School of Engineering
Dept. of Advanced Materials, School of Frontier Sciences; Institute for Cosmic Ray Research; Institute for Solid State Physics; Institute of Industrial Science; Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology; International Center for Elementary Particle Physics; Cryogenic Research Center; Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU)
Project Leader:
Prof .TARUCHA, Seigo (Dept. of Appliced Physics, School of Engineering )

  Physics discovers and reveals the laws and mechanisms of nature. One may consider that all of the fundamental problems in physics have been solved after the establishment of relativity theory and quantum mechanics in the 20th century, but this is not correct. Developments in theory and experiment open a pathway to a new world, where we encounter more and more challenges in physics. For example, it is found that we are observing only 10% of the matter and energy in the universe at present. The mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity has not been clarified yet since its discovery near the end of the 20th century. On the other hand, laser technology and nanotechnology, cradled in physics research, are realizing the direct application of quantum mechanics to data processing and computers. Laser technology has also greatly improved the accuracy of time measurement, thereby making it possible to confirm whether the Planck constant and the elementary charge are really constant. Strongly correlated electronic systems, represented by transition metal oxides, will be put to practical use in highly efficient electronic devices in the near future.

  This Global COE unifies five graduate school courses in The University of Tokyo together with related institutes and research centers. Having 350 members in faculty and research associate members as well as 400 graduate students in doctor courses, it leads the world in cutting edge research and continues to supply outstanding experts to diverse academic and industrial fields. To this end, we establish across different organizations an “interdisciplinary frontier physics” section containing the five core themes and newly established “global COE laboratories.” We construct organic relationships among researchers in different fields that historically tend to be fractionalized, such as the barriers between basic and applied physics. For young researchers, we offer experiences at different research frontiers through deployment in overseas research institutions and/or leading-edge industries. Together with deepening international collaborations and the cultivation of future career paths, we promote the “continual broadening of perspectives” for young researchers, by which this COE project aims at developing training courses for “scientists deepening and expanding physics as a fundamental science,” “physicist leaders of the global society,” and “reformers and creators of industries and innovations.”

Strongly Correlated Materials Science

Physics of Quantum Extreme Systems

Frontier Photon Science

Computational Physics