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Towards the Implementation of the New Urban Agenda Contributions from Japan and Germany to Make Cities More Environmentally Sustainable


Bernhard Müller and SHIMIZU Hiroyuki (Eds.)


270 pages, hardcover







Published by

Springer International Publishing

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Towards the Implementation of the New Urban Agenda

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After the formulation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs, 2015) by the United Nations, the New Urban Agenda (2016) was adopted during the Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III), and was later approved by the United Nations General Assembly. Habitat III presented ambitious action policies for sustainable urban planning. This book summarizes the contents of an international conference that brought together researchers from Nagoya University Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Leibniz Institute for Ecological Cities and Regional Development, and Dresden Institute of Technology to discuss how Japan and Germany, which have mature economies and aging societies, can contribute to the realization of this agenda. Associate Professor U Hiroi and the author, who are both presently affiliated with Department of Urban Engineering at the Graduate School of Engineering, had also been affiliated with Nagoya University. Therefore, they both have participated in this international conference and publication.
The participants’ specialties range widely, covering architecture, civil engineering, urban planning, green space planning, environmental engineering, and disaster prevention and mitigation. In order for Japan and Germany to form sustainable and resilient cities by responding to societal changes occurring during their era of maturity, it is necessary to coordinate and merge various fields that handle urban material environments, expanding beyond the independent academic frameworks in which each field has developed in the past. This book comprises a total of twenty-one papers, consisting of six major sections: “Landscape Changes and Management,” “Climate Change and Urban Green,” “Environmental Risks in Urban Areas,” “Built Environment and Material Flow,” “Urban Energy Concepts,” and “Future Challenges of Planning.”
As an urban planning specialist, the author discusses the necessity and the future direction of re-examining the conceptual framework of Japanese urban planning based on district-scale community development. In a state of uncertainty stemming from unexpected population decline, hollowing out of city centers and outskirts, and population migration based on disaster risks, the author examines the realistic visions for the future of each district that makes up the cities, and the means for realizing them. Through this process, the means to plan for adjustments, which will ensure that the entire cities will survive and continue to function, is outlined, and it serves as a key conceptual framework of the author’s later research and practice. What led to such a framework was the community building practices in Fujimaki-cho (Meitō-ku, Nagoya) and Nishiki 2-Chome (Naka-ku, Nagoya) presented in the author’s chapter, as well as the formulation of the natural disaster reduction vision of the urban Nagoya region. It also indicates that research in the urban planning field and formulation of conceptual frameworks are closely associated with urban planning and community development practices.

(Written by MURAYAMA Akito, Associate Professor, School of Engineering / 2019)

Table of Contents

1 The Transition Towards Sustainable and Resilient Cities—Urban Challenges and Solutions in Germany and Japan. (Bernhard Müller, Hiroyuki Shimizu and Andreas Otto)
Part I  Landscape Change and Management
2 Dialectic Developments of ‘City’ and ‘Country’ in Japan’s Metropolitan Regions (Atsushi Katagi)
3 Urban Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity Offsets (Wolfgang Wende and Marianne Darbi)
4 Sustainable Landscape Management and Landscape Management Labor Accounts (Hiroyuki Shimizu, Chika Takatori and Nobuko Kawaguchi)
Part II  Climate Change and Urban Green
5 Modeling the Current and Future Urban Climate Using Downscaling Techniques (Satoru Iizuka and Yingli Xuan)
6 Urban and Green Planning Based on an Evaluation of Urban Climate (Chika Takatori)
7 Demands, Opportunities and Constraints of Green Space Development for Future Urban Development under Demographic and Climate Change (Stefanie Rößler)
Part III  Environmental Risks in Urban Areas
8 Environmental Risks in Urban and Regional Development Assessing the Effects of Flood Resilient Technologies (Thomas Naumann and Sebastian Golz)
9 Flood Risks and Their Management in Urban Japan—Modeling Inner Flooding in Tsushima City, Tokai Region (Takashi Tashiro and Aung Khaing Min)
10 Pre-reconstruction Plans for Urban Areas in Japan (U Hiroi)
Part IV  Built Environment and Material Flow
11 The Efficiency of Settlement Structures (Clemens Deilmann)
12 Weight of Cities—Material Stock and Flow Analysis Based on Spatial Database over Time (Hiroki Tanikawa)
13 Preservation and Utilization of the Urban Heritage of East Asia and Japan (Yasuhiko Nishizawa)
Part V  Urban Energy Concepts
14 Revolution of Urban Energy System (Masaya Okumiya)
15 Building Energy Management: Performance Verification and System Simulation (Hideki Tanaka)
16 A New Concept for Air-Conditioning in Japan: An All-Air Supplied Induction Radiant Air-Conditioning System and Cool Room (Teruyuki Saito)
Part VI  Future Challenges of Planning
17 Operationalizing Urban Resilience—Learning from the Past while Preparing for the Future. The Case of Dresden, Germany (Paulina Schiappacasse)
18 Reconsidering Urban Planning through Community-based Initiatives (Akito Murayama)
19 Planning of Public Facilities in Japanese Communities Facing Demographic Decline and Super-Aging (Hisashi Komatsu)
20 Developments in Urban Planning by Public Facilities Management Based on Regional Characteristics (Kazuhisa Tsunekawa and Koji Saito)
21 Identifying Gaps and Opportunities for Research on Urban and Regional Resilience—Highlighting the Advantages of Research Cooperation (Paulina Schiappacasse and Bernhard Müller)

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